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TitleSocial change and nationalism in modern Scotland
AuthorKendrick, Stephen W.
Subject(s)Sociology; Human; services
Abstractthe main purpose of this introduction is to indicate the contents of the various chambers and, more importantly, to provide some guiding threads to show how they are connected. Chapter 1 provides an empirical lead-in to the more theoretically based chapters which follow. It is purely and simply an exercise in data reduction - the data being the patterns of voting in Scotland at the six general elections from 1964 to 1979. In particular it aims at illustrating what could be called national (Scottish), regional and constituency levels of voting change. The final section of Chapter 1 presents the correlation of S. N. P. voting with sex and age at the S. N. P. 1s peak election of October 1974. Chapter 2 represents a shift to a quite different level of analysis. It should be seen as providing a form of 'deep theoretical background' for the rest of the study. It is an exploration of how Marxism has tended to handle 'the national level of analysis'. This exploration was provoked by a need to understand some of the theoretical reasons why it has often seemed plausible to apply an analytical imagery derived from Third World to Scotland's present condition. I also explore some aspects of Marx's' own approach to the 'national level'. The main purpose here is to understand how Marx's 'blind spot' with respect to the national level came about, in order to provide a relatively solid footing for applying some of his insights to the quite different historical conditions of today. The following four chapters divide into two strands. One strand, Chapters 3 and 41 is aimed at grounding an understanding of nationalism in late capitalist society in terms of what can most concisely be expressed as the experience of the state. The other strand, contained in Chapters 5 and 6, presents a more conventional account of social change in modern Scotland. Chapters 3 and 4 run very much in tandem. Chapter 3 develops a concept of ideology which enables us to deal with the ideological implications of the shift from liberal to late capitalist society. Chapter 4 outlines the successive satisfaction of several conditions of possibility for the electoral success of the S. N. P. The first was the emergence at a British level of the conception of a national economy which can be managed. Only in this context, could the conception emerge of Scotland as an analogous economic unit. Finally the chapter traces some of the mechanisms by which this framework was transmitted to the mass electorate. Turning to the other strand of analysis, Chapter 5 is a 'socio-graphic' account of social change in modern Scotland. The aspects covered are industrial and occupational structure and patterns of social mobility and female employment with a final section dealing with some relevant demographic aspects of social change. One main concern of the chapter is to show the structural interconnections between these different domains. The other is to assess the extent to which such patterns of social change in Scotland were typical of the rest of Britain. Chapter 6 is an attempt to take us closer to an understanding of how these patterns of social change were experienced. This provides a context for an analysis of the socio-economic correlates of S. N. P. voting on the basis of the October 1974 Scottish Election Survey. Finally, television is discussed as a crucial mediator between the experience of everyday life and the experience of national politics. Chapter 7 attempts to pull some of the earlier themes together in the context of a focus on the role of Scottish identity and symbolism. The main problem involved in adopting a wide-ranging approach is that inevitably the exploration of each perspective on the problem has had to be stopped short in a rather arbitrary manner.
TypePhD Doctor of Philosophy
PublisherUniversity of Edinburgh